What happens when a girl gets on her period
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My Girlfriend Just Got Her Period. Now What?
This is your period. For many women, bleeding lasts from 4 to 8 days. Hormone levels are low. Low levels of the hormone estrogen can make you feel depressed or irritable. During Days 1 through 5 of your cycle, fluid-filled pockets called follicles develop on the ovaries. Each follicle contains an egg. Between Days 5 and 7, just one follicle continues growing while the others stop growing and are absorbed back into the ovary.
Levels of the hormone estrogen from the ovaries continue rising. By Day 8 the follicle puts out increasing levels of estrogen and grows larger. Usually by Day 8, period bleeding has stopped. Higher estrogen levels from the follicle make the lining of the uterus grow and thicken. The uterine lining is rich in blood and nutrients and will help nourish the embryo if a pregnancy happens. You may have more energy and feel relaxed or calm.
A few days before Day 14, your estrogen levels peak and cause a sharp rise in the level of luteinizing hormone LH. LH causes the mature follicle to burst and release an egg from the ovary, called ovulation, on Day A woman is most likely to get pregnant if she has sex on the day of ovulation or during the three days before ovulation since the sperm are already in place and ready to fertilize the egg once it is released.
In the few days before ovulation, your estrogen levels are at their highest. Over the next week Days 15 to 24 , the fallopian tubes help the newly released egg travel away from the ovary toward the uterus.
The ruptured follicle on the ovary makes more of the hormone progesterone, which also helps the uterine lining thicken even more. If a sperm joins with the egg in the fallopian tube this is called fertilization , the fertilized egg will continue down the fallopian tube and attach to the lining of the uterus womb.
Pregnancy begins once a fertilized egg attaches to the womb. If the egg is not fertilized, it breaks apart. Around Day 24 , your estrogen and progesterone levels drop if you are not pregnant. This rapid change in levels of estrogen and progesterone can cause your moods to change. Some women are more sensitive to these changing hormone levels than others. In the final step of the menstrual cycle, the unfertilized egg leaves the body along with the uterine lining, beginning on Day 1 of your next period and menstrual cycle.
During the monthly menstrual cycle, the uterus lining builds up to prepare for pregnancy. If you do not get pregnant, estrogen and progesterone hormone levels begin falling. Very low levels of estrogen and progesterone tell your body to begin menstruation. Your menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of your period up to the first day of your next period.
Your hormone levels estrogen and progesterone usually change throughout the menstrual cycle and can cause menstrual symptoms. The typical menstrual cycle is 28 days long, but each woman is different. Other women are regular but can only predict the start of their period within a few days. Ovulation is when the ovary releases an egg so it can be fertilized by a sperm in order to make a baby. A woman is most likely to get pregnant if she has sex without birth control in the three days before and up to the day of ovulation since the sperm are already in place and ready to fertilize the egg as soon as it is released.
A few days before you ovulate, your vaginal mucus or discharge changes and becomes more slippery and clear. This type of mucus helps sperm move up into your uterus and into the fallopian tubes where it can fertilize an egg. Some women feel minor cramping on one side of their pelvic area when they ovulate. Some women have other signs of ovulation. Luteinizing hormone LH is a hormone released by your brain that tells the ovary to release an egg called ovulation.
LH levels begin to surge upward about 36 hours before ovulation, so some women and their doctors test for LH levels. LH levels peak about 12 hours before ovulation. Learn more about tracking ovulation to become pregnant. Your cycles may change in different ways as you get older. Often, periods are heavier when you are younger in your teens and usually get lighter in your 20s and 30s. This is normal.
Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have menstrual cycles that are longer than 38 days or shorter than 24 days, or if you are worried about your menstrual cycle.
If your periods are regular, tracking them will help you know when you ovulate, when you are most likely to get pregnant, and when to expect your next period to start. If your periods are not regular, tracking them can help you share any problems with your doctor or nurse.
If you have period pain or bleeding that causes you to miss school or work , tracking these period symptoms will help you and your doctor or nurse find treatments that work for you. Severe pain or bleeding that causes you to miss regular activities is not normal and can be treated. You can keep track of your menstrual cycle by marking the day you start your period on a calendar. After a few months, you can begin to see if your periods are regular or if your cycles are different each month.
You can also download apps sometimes for free for your phone to track your periods. Some include features to track your PMS symptoms, energy and activity levels, and more. The average age for a girl in the United States to get her first period is A girl may start her period anytime between 8 and The first period normally starts about two years after breasts first start to develop and pubic hair begins to grow. Get more information for girls about getting their period at girlshealth.
On average, women get a period for about 40 years of their life. Perimenopause, or transition to menopause, may take a few years. During this time, your period may not come regularly. Menopause happens when you have not had a period for 12 months in a row. For most women, this happens between the ages of 45 and The average age of menopause in the United States is Your doctor will check for pregnancy or a health problem that can cause periods to stop or become irregular.
The average woman loses about two to three tablespoons of blood during her period. What is normal for you may not be the same for someone else. Also, the flow may be lighter or heavier from month to month. Your periods may also change as you get older. Some women have heavy bleeding during perimenopause, the transition to menopause. Follow the instructions that came with your period product. Try to change or rinse your feminine hygiene product before it becomes soaked through or full.
Use a product appropriate in size and absorbency for your menstrual bleeding. The amount of menstrual blood usually changes during a period. Some women use different products on different days of their period, depending on how heavy or light the bleeding is. Toxic shock syndrome TSS is a rare but sometimes deadly condition caused by bacteria that make toxins or poisons.
In , 63 women died from TSS. A certain brand of super absorbency tampons was said to be the cause. These tampons were taken off the market. Today, most cases of TSS are not caused by using tampons. But, you could be at risk for TSS if you use more absorbent tampons than you need for your bleeding or if you do not change your tampon often enough at least every four to eight hours.
Menstrual cups, cervical caps, sponges, or diaphragms anything inserted into your vagina may also increase your risk for TSS if they are left in place for too long usually 24 hours. Remove sponges within 30 hours and cervical caps within 48 hours.
If you have any symptoms of TSS, take out the tampon, menstrual cup, sponge, or diaphragm, and call or go to the hospital right away.
The changing hormone levels throughout the menstrual cycle can also affect other health problems:. Learn more about your menstrual cycle and your health. For more information about the menstrual cycle, call the OWH Helpline at or check out the following resources from other organizations:. The Office on Women's Health is grateful for the medical review in by:. Kristen A. Matteson, M. Sunni Mumford, Ph.
All About Menstruation
Learn more. Menstruation a period is a major stage of puberty in girls. It's one of the many physical signs that a girl is turning into a woman. Menstruation can be confusing, just like a lot of the other changes that come with puberty. Some girls can't wait to start their periods.
A period is a release of blood from a girl's uterus , out through her vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. There is a lot to learn about periods. Here are some common questions that teens have. Most girls get their first period when they're around
All About Periods
It signals the beginning of a long phase of life around 40 years! This means that if you have sexual contact, you might get pregnant. While you may have learned about menstruation in school, you probably have questions about what to expect. This section is designed to provide you with all the information you need as you approach getting your period for the first time. When should I expect my first period? What do I need to do to prepare for my first period? How do I use a pad?
8 Period Myths We Need to Set Straight
A period is when blood comes out through a girl's vagina. It is a sign that she is getting close to the end of puberty. Puberty is when your body goes from looking like a kid's into looking more like a grown-up's. There is a lot to learn about periods.
Most women bleed every month. This you know. Knowing what to do when your girlfriend is on her period can feel like a shot in the dark. Our vaginas are bleeding and our emotions are on a roller coaster.
What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?
Here are answers to some of the most frequently asked questions. You may want to look at their policies. Period questions come into every girls mind!
The Female Body
10 Common Period Questions
What happens during the typical 28-day menstrual cycle?