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Look punk girl

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Why would an articulate, intelligent, thoughtful young women shave off most of her hair, dye the remainder green, shape it into a mohawk, and glue it onto her head? What attracts girls to male-dominated youth subcultures like the punk movement? What role does the subculture play in their perceptions of themselves, and in their self-esteem? Research has focused on the ways media and cultural messages victimize young women, but little attention has been paid to the ways they resist these messages.

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Punk subculture

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The punk subculture includes a diverse array of left-wing ideologies , fashion , and other forms of expression, visual art , dance, literature and film. It is largely characterised by anti-establishment views, the promotion of individual freedom, DIY ethics , and is centred on a loud, aggressive genre of rock music called punk rock.

Punk politics cover the entire political spectrum. The punk ethos is primarily made up of beliefs such as non-conformity, anti-authoritarianism , anti-corporatism , a do-it-yourself ethic , anti-consumerist , anti- corporate greed , direct action and not " selling out ". There is a wide range of punk fashion, including deliberately offensive T-shirts, leather jackets, Dr.

Martens boots, hairstyles such as brightly coloured hair and spiked mohawks, cosmetics, tattoos, jewellery and body modification. Women in the hardcore scene typically wore masculine clothing. Punk aesthetics determine the type of art punks enjoy, which typically has underground , minimalist , iconoclastic and satirical sensibilities. Punk has generated a considerable amount of poetry and prose , and has its own underground press in the form of zines.

Many punk-themed films and videos have been made. The punk subculture emerged in the United Kingdom and the United States in the mids. Exactly which region originated punk has long been a matter of controversy within the movement. In the late s, the subculture began to diversify, which led to the proliferation of factions such as new wave , post-punk , 2 Tone , pop punk , hardcore punk , no wave , street punk and Oi!

Hardcore punk, street punk and Oi! The punk subculture is centered on a loud, aggressive genre of rock music called punk rock, usually played by bands consisting of a vocalist, one or two electric guitarists, an electric bassist and a drummer.

In some bands, the musicians contribute backup vocals, which typically consist of shouted slogans, choruses or football-style chants. While most punk rock uses the distorted guitars and noisy drumming sounds derived from s garage rock and s pub rock , some punk bands incorporate elements from other subgenres, such as surf rock , rockabilly or reggae.

Most punk rock songs are short, have simple and somewhat basic arrangements using relatively few chords, and they typically have lyrics that express punk ideologies and values, although some punk lyrics are about lighter topics such as partying or romantic relationships. Different punk subcultures often distinguish themselves by having a unique style of punk rock, although not every style of punk rock has its own associated subculture. The earliest form of music to be called "punk rock" was s garage rock , and the term was applied to the genre retroactively by influential rock critics in the early s.

The punk subculture advocates a do-it-yourself DIY ethic. During the subculture's infancy members were almost all from a lower economic class, and had become tired of the affluence that was associated with popular rock music at the time.

Punks would publish their own music or sign with small independent labels, in hopes to combat what they saw as a money hungry music industry.

The DIY ethic is still popular with punks. The New York City punk rock scene arose from a subcultural underground promoted by artists, reporters, musicians and a wide variety of non-mainstream enthusiasts. The Velvet Underground 's harsh and experimental yet often melodic sound in the mid to lates, much of it relating to transgressive media work by visual artist Andy Warhol , is credited for influencing s bands such as the New York Dolls , The Stooges and the Ramones.

Although punks are frequently categorised as having left-wing, revolutionary, anarchist or progressive views, punk political ideology covers the entire political spectrum. Punk-related ideologies are mostly concerned with individual freedom and anti-establishment views. Common punk viewpoints include individual liberty , anti-authoritarianism , a DIY ethic , non-conformity, anti- collectivism , anti- corporatism , anti-government, direct action and not " selling out ".

Some individuals within the punk subculture hold right-wing views such as those associated with the Conservative Punk website , libertarian views, neo-Nazi views Nazi punk , or are apolitical e. In the United States, punks had a different approach to nihilism which was less anarchistic than the British punks. The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term " poseur " is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values or philosophy.

Early punk fashion adapted everyday objects for aesthetic effect: ripped clothing was held together by safety pins or wrapped with tape; ordinary clothing was customised by embellishing it with marker or adorning it with paint; a black bin liner became a dress, shirt or skirt; safety pins and razor blades were used as jewellery. Martens boots, and army boots. Early punks occasionally wore clothes displaying a swastika for shock value, but most contemporary punks are staunchly anti-racist and are more likely to wear a crossed-out swastika symbol than a pro-Nazi symbol.

Some punks cut their hair into Mohawks or other dramatic shapes, style it to stand in spikes, and colour it with vibrant, unnatural hues. Some punks are anti-fashion , arguing that punk should be defined by music or ideology. This is most common in the posts US hardcore punk scene, where members of the subculture often dressed in plain T-shirts and jeans, rather than the more elaborate outfits and spiked, dyed hair of their British counterparts.

Many groups adopt a look based on street clothes and working class outfits. Hardcore punk fans adopted a dressed-down style of T-shirts, jeans, combat boots or trainers and crewcuts. Women in the hardcore scene typically wore army trousers, band T-shirts, and hooded jumpers. The style of the s hardcore scene contrasted with the more provocative fashion styles of late s punk rockers elaborate hairdos , torn clothes, patches, safety pins, studs, spikes, etc.

Circle Jerks frontman Keith Morris described early hardcore fashion as "the But we had nothing to do with that. Black Flag and the Circle Jerks were so far from that.

We looked like the kid who worked at the gas station or submarine shop. In contrast to Morris' and Rollins' views, another punk scholar claims that the standard hardcore punk clothing and styles included torn jeans, leather jackets, spiked armbands and dog collars, mohawk hairstyles, and DIY ornamentation of clothes with studs, painted band names, political statements, and patches.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art in hosted a comprehensive exhibit, PUNK: Chaos to Couture , that examined the techniques of hardware, distress, and re-purposing in punk fashion. In the United Kingdom, the advent of punk in the late s with its "anyone can do it" ethos led to women making significant contributions. Rock historian Helen Reddington states that the popular image of young punk women musicians as focused on the fashion aspects of the scene fishnet stockings, spiky blond hair, etc.

She states that many, if not most women punks were more interested in the ideology and socio-political implications, rather than the fashion. So, no, we got no respect anywhere we went. People just didn't want us around.

Sonic Youth 's Kim Gordon states, "I think women are natural anarchists, because you're always operating in a male framework. For some punks, the body was a symbol of opposition, a political statement expressing disgust of all that was "normal" and socially accepted. Men could look like women, women could look like men, or one could look like both or neither. In some ways, punk helped to tear apart the normalised view of gender as a dichotomy.

There was a notable amount of cross-dressing in the punk scene; it was not unusual to see men wearing ripped-up skirts, fishnet tights and excessive makeup, or to see women with shaved heads wearing oversized plaid shirts and jean jackets and heavy combat boots.

Some scholars have claimed that punk has been problematic towards gender by stating its overall resistance to expressing any kind of popular conceptions of femininity. One part of punk was a creating explicitly outward identities of sexuality. Everything that was normally supposed to be hidden was brought to the front, both literally and figuratively. This could mean anything from wearing bras and underwear on top of clothing to wearing nothing but a bra and underwear.

Although that act would seem sexualised in a normal context, to punks it was just another way to be obscene in the eyes of "others". Conversely, the masculine nature of punk allowed many women to recreate an almost farcical masculinity by using their female bodies in the same way men tended to use theirs. Punk women could be filthy and horrible and use their femininity to make what they were doing even more shocking to their audience.

It became popular for some punk women to accentuate their bodies in ridiculous ways, such as stuffing their pants to make exaggerated labia outlines, as if parodying male crotch stuffing. In many ways, female punks were showing unapologetically and exaggeratedly what it truly meant to be a woman, with nothing soft or "classically feminine" to hide behind.

Riot grrrl is an underground feminist hardcore punk movement that originated in Washington, D. It has also been described as a musical genre that came out of indie rock, with the punk scene serving as an inspiration for a musical movement in which women could express themselves in the same way men had been doing for the past several years.

Punk aesthetics determine the type of art punks enjoy, usually with underground , minimalistic , iconoclastic and satirical sensibilities. Punk artwork graces album covers , flyers for concerts, and punk zines. Usually straightforward with clear messages, punk art is often concerned with political issues such as social injustice and economic disparity.

The use of images of suffering to shock and create feelings of empathy in the viewer is common. Alternatively, punk artwork may contain images of selfishness, stupidity, or apathy to provoke contempt in the viewer.

Much of the earlier artwork was black and white, because it was distributed in zines reproduced by photocopying at work, school or at copy shops. Punk art also uses the mass production aesthetic of Andy Warhol 's Factory studio. Punk played a hand in the revival of stencil art, spearheaded by Crass.

The Situationists also influenced the look of punk art, particularity that of the Sex Pistols created by Jamie Reid.

John Holmstrom was a punk cartoonist who created work for the Ramones and Punk. Charles Thomson , co-founder of the group, described punk as "a major breakthrough" in his art. Two dance styles associated with punk are pogo dancing and moshing.

Pogo dancing is closely associated with punk rock and is a precursor to moshing. Moshing or slamdancing is a style of dance where participants push or slam into each other, typically during a live music show. It is usually associated with "aggressive" music genres, such as hardcore punk and thrash metal. Stage diving and crowd surfing were originally associated with protopunk bands such as The Stooges, and have appeared at punk, metal and rock concerts.

Ska punk promoted an updated version of skanking. Hardcore dancing is a later development influenced by all of the above-mentioned styles. Psychobillies prefer to "wreck", a form of slam dancing that involves people punching each other in the chest and arms as they move around the circle pit. Punk has generated a considerable amount of poetry and prose. Punk has its own underground press in the form of punk zines , which feature news, gossip, cultural criticism, and interviews. Some zines take the form of perzines.

Several novels, biographies, autobiographies, and comic books have been written about punk. Love and Rockets is a comic with a plot involving the Los Angeles punk scene.

Just as zines played an important role in spreading information in the punk era e. In the pre-Internet era, zines enabled readers to learn about bands, shows, clubs, and record labels. Zines typically included reviews of shows and records, interviews with bands, letters to the editor, and advertisements for records and labels.

In the American Midwest, the zine Touch and Go described the regional hardcore scene from to In Effect , which began in , described the New York City scene. Jim Carroll's autobiographical works are among the first known examples of punk literature.

Peterson Vanderbilt University Press , - pagini 0 Recenzii While more than 80 percent of the world's commercial music is controlled by four multinational firms, most music is made and enjoyed in diverse situations divorced from such corporate behemoths. These fourteen original essays examine the fascinating world of "music scenes," those largely inconspicuous sites where clusters of musicians, producers, and fans explore their common musical tastes and distinctive lifestyle choices. Although most music scenes come and go with hardly a trace, they nevertheless give immense satisfaction to their participants, and a few - New York bop jazz, Merseybeat, Memphis rockabilly, London punk, Bronx hiphop - achieve fame and spur musical innovations. To date, serious study of the scenes phenomenon has focused mainly on specific music scenes while paying less attention to recurrent dynamics of scene life, such as how individuals construct and negotiate scenes to the various activities.

The punk subculture includes a diverse array of left-wing ideologies , fashion , and other forms of expression, visual art , dance, literature and film. It is largely characterised by anti-establishment views, the promotion of individual freedom, DIY ethics , and is centred on a loud, aggressive genre of rock music called punk rock.

Updated: May 10, References. Punk is not just a music genre, it is an alternative way of life. In their effort to discover their authentic self, punk girls forge their own paths and develop their own unique sense of style. Punk girls are unapologetically independent, bold, and self-assured.








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Comments: 1
  1. Malajinn

    This topic is simply matchless :), it is pleasant to me.

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