Can a diabetic woman get pregnant
COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes. Working with your health care team and following your diabetes management plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Risks of a Diabetic Pregnancy
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COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from CDC: www. If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant.
High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes.
Working with your health care team and following your diabetes management plan can help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby. If you develop diabetes for the first time while you are pregnant, you have gestational diabetes.
High blood glucose levels can be harmful during this early stage and can increase the chance that your baby will have birth defects, such as heart defects or defects of the brain or spine. High blood glucose levels during pregnancy can also increase the chance that your baby will be born too early, weigh too much, or have breathing problems or low blood glucose right after birth.
High blood glucose also can increase the chance that you will have a miscarriage or a stillborn baby. Hormonal and other changes in your body during pregnancy affect your blood glucose levels, so you might need to change how you manage your diabetes.
If you have been taking an oral diabetes medicine, you may need to switch to insulin. As you get closer to your due date, your management plan might change again. Pregnancy can worsen certain long-term diabetes problems, such as eye problems and kidney disease , especially if your blood glucose levels are too high.
You also have a greater chance of developing preeclampsia, sometimes called toxemia, which is when you develop high blood pressure and too much protein in your urine during the second half of pregnancy. Preeclampsia can cause serious or life-threatening problems for you and your baby.
The only cure for preeclampsia is to give birth. If you have preeclampsia and have reached 37 weeks of pregnancy, your doctor may want to deliver your baby early. Before 37 weeks, you and your doctor may consider other options to help your baby develop as much as possible before he or she is born. If you have diabetes, keeping your blood glucose as close to normal as possible before and during your pregnancy is important to stay healthy and have a healthy baby.
Getting checkups before and during pregnancy, following your diabetes meal plan, being physically active as your health care team advises, and taking diabetes medicines if you need to will help you manage your diabetes. Stopping smoking and taking vitamins as your doctor advises also can help you and your baby stay healthy. Regular visits with members of a health care team who are experts in diabetes and pregnancy will ensure that you and your baby get the best care. Your health care team may include.
You are the most important member of the team. Your health care team can give you expert advice, but you are the one who must manage your diabetes every day. Have a complete checkup before you get pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant. Your doctor should check for. Pregnancy can make some diabetes health problems worse. To help prevent this, your health care team may recommend adjusting your treatment before you get pregnant. Smoking can increase your chance of having a stillborn baby or a baby born too early.
Smoking can increase diabetes-related health problems such as eye disease, heart disease, and kidney disease. If you smoke or use other tobacco products, stop. For tips on quitting, go to Smokefree. Your dietitian can help you learn what to eat, how much to eat, and when to eat to reach or stay at a healthy weight before you get pregnant. Together, you and your dietitian will create a meal plan to fit your needs, schedule, food preferences, medical conditions, medicines, and physical activity routine.
During pregnancy, some women need to make changes in their meal plan, such as adding extra calories, protein, and other nutrients. You will need to see your dietitian every few months during pregnancy as your dietary needs change.
Physical activity can help you reach your target blood glucose numbers. Being physically active can also help keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels in a healthy range, relieve stress, strengthen your heart and bones, improve muscle strength, and keep your joints flexible. Before getting pregnant, make physical activity a regular part of your life. Aim for 30 minutes of activity 5 days of the week. Read tips on how to eat better and be more active while you are pregnant and after your baby is born.
When you drink, the alcohol also affects your baby. Alcohol can lead to serious, lifelong health problems for your baby. Some medicines are not safe during pregnancy and you should stop taking them before you get pregnant. Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, such as those for high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Your doctor can tell you which medicines to stop taking, and may prescribe a different medicine that is safe to use during pregnancy.
Doctors most often prescribe insulin for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes during pregnancy. You may need less insulin during your first trimester but probably will need more as you go through pregnancy. Your insulin needs may double or even triple as you get closer to your due date.
Your health care team will work with you to create an insulin routine to meet your changing needs. You should take a multivitamin or supplement that contains at least micrograms mcg of folic acid. Once you become pregnant, you should take mcg daily. How often you check your blood glucose levels may change during pregnancy.
You may need to check them more often than you do now. Ask your health care team how often and at what times you should check your blood glucose levels. Your blood glucose targets will change during pregnancy. Your health care team also may want you to check your ketone levels if your blood glucose is too high. Ask your health care team which targets are right for you. You can also use an electronic blood glucose tracking system on your computer or mobile device.
Record the results every time you check your blood glucose. Your blood glucose records can help you and your health care team decide whether your diabetes care plan is working. You also can make notes about your insulin and ketones. Take your tracker with you when you visit your health care team. Ask your doctor what targets are right for you. Results of the A1C test reflect your average blood glucose levels during the past 3 months.
Most women with diabetes should aim for an A1C as close to normal as possible—ideally below 6. Your doctor can help you set A1C targets that are best for you. Ketones in your urine or blood mean your body is using fat for energy instead of glucose.
You can prevent serious health problems by checking for ketones. Your doctor might recommend you test your urine or blood daily for ketones or when your blood glucose is above a certain level, such as If you use an insulin pump , your doctor might advise you to test for ketones when your blood glucose level is higher than expected. Your health care team can teach you how and when to test your urine or blood for ketones.
Talk with your doctor about what to do if you have ketones. Your doctor might suggest making changes in the amount of insulin you take or when you take it.
Your doctor also may recommend a change in meals or snacks if you need to consume more carbohydrates. Clinical trials are part of clinical research and at the heart of all medical advances. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. Researchers also use clinical trials to look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses.
Find out if clinical trials are right for you. Clinical trials that are currently open and are recruiting can be viewed at www.
The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Diabetes Diabetes Overview What is Diabetes? How can my diabetes affect me during pregnancy? What health problems could I develop during pregnancy because of my diabetes? How can I prepare for pregnancy if I have diabetes? What do I need to know about blood glucose testing before and during pregnancy?
Clinical Trials If you have diabetes and plan to have a baby, you should try to get your blood glucose levels close to your target range before you get pregnant. Plan to manage your blood glucose before you get pregnant.
How can diabetes affect my baby? Work with your health care team Regular visits with members of a health care team who are experts in diabetes and pregnancy will ensure that you and your baby get the best care.
Your health care team may include a medical doctor who specializes in diabetes care, such as an endocrinologist or a diabetologist an obstetrician with experience treating women with diabetes a diabetes educator who can help you manage your diabetes a nurse practitioner who provides prenatal care during your pregnancy a registered dietitian to help with meal planning specialists who diagnose and treat diabetes-related problems, such as vision problems, kidney disease, and heart disease a social worker or psychologist to help you cope with stress, worry, and the extra demands of pregnancy You are the most important member of the team.
Talk with your health care team before you get pregnant. Get a checkup Have a complete checkup before you get pregnant or as soon as you know you are pregnant. Your doctor should check for high blood pressure eye disease heart and blood vessel disease nerve damage kidney disease thyroid disease Pregnancy can make some diabetes health problems worse.
Be physically active Physical activity can help you reach your target blood glucose numbers. Talk with your health care team about what activities are best for you during your pregnancy. Adjust your medicines Some medicines are not safe during pregnancy and you should stop taking them before you get pregnant.
Have a Safe Pregnancy With Type 2 Diabetes
Top of the page Decision Point. You may want to have a say in this decision, or you may simply want to follow your doctor's recommendation. Either way, this information will help you understand what your choices are so that you can talk to your doctor about them. You can have a healthy pregnancy if your blood sugar is in a target range before you get pregnant and you don't have high blood pressure or problems from diabetes, such as kidney disease.
Once upon a time, women with type 1 diabetes were told they could never have children. Still, there are a lot of open questions and misconceptions. Here are nine important facts about pregnancy and T1D, clarified:. The truth is that whether or not you have type 1 diabetes, you may have difficulty getting pregnant because some women simply do. Consistently high blood sugars and a high A1C 3-month average are the most likely way type 1 diabetes would make getting pregnant more challenging.
Planning a pregnancy with type 1 or 2 diabetes
A healthy pregnancy for women with type 1 diabetes starts before conception. Find out how to prepare your body for the challenges ahead. Kerri Sparling was 7 years old when she was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. She grew up believing that she'd never be able to have children of her own. But by the time she became an adult, significant technological advances in managing the illness gave her hope. With two decades of blood sugar control under her belt, Sparling eventually looked around for models of a healthy pregnancy with type 1 diabetes. Undaunted by the Hollywood dramatization, Sparling did her own research and, in preparation for pregnancy and with the help of her endocrinologist, worked for more than a year to get her A1C — a standard test to find out average blood sugar levels over several months — below seven. Sparling, now 34, has a 3-year-old daughter and confirms that while type 1 diabetes and pregnancy might be a challenging mix, a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby are both possible. That said, pregnancy demanded a lot more insulin than she was used to taking, and she had to spend the last month of her pregnancy in the hospital with pre-eclampsia high blood pressure in pregnancy before her 6-pound, ounce baby girl was delivered by Caesarean section.
Can You Have a Safe Pregnancy If You Have Type 2 Diabetes?
Blood sugar that is not well controlled in a pregnant woman with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes could lead to problems for the woman and the baby:. The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart. Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby.
Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes.
Diabetes and Pregnancy
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy.
Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to keep blood sugar levels in the normal range. There are three types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Insulin is the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, keeping them in the healthy range. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas is unable to make enough insulin. Daily medication insulin is therefore needed to control blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition.
Myth Busting: 9 Things to Know About Pregnancy with Type 1 Diabetes
If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, it is very important to talk to your healthcare team if you are thinking about having a baby. There are some things that are best done before you get pregnant that will reduce your risk of pregnancy complications and baby loss. If you have type 1 or 2 diabetes, you need to be as healthy as possible before you conceive, and while you are pregnant. The first thing to do is talk to your GP or diabetes team. You should get information about how diabetes affects pregnancy and how pregnancy affects diabetes. You will also be given details of local support you can have during pregnancy, including emergency contact numbers. Having diabetes should not affect your fertility your ability to get pregnant.
Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems. Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot use the sugars and starches carbohydrates it takes in as food to make energy.
Please sign in or sign up for a March of Dimes account to proceed. Women with diabetes can and do have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies. Managing diabetes can help reduce your risk for complications. Untreated diabetes increases your risk for pregnancy complications, like high blood pressure, depression, premature birth, birth defects and pregnancy loss.
Pregnancy and diabetes doesn't have to be a risky combination. By preparing for pregnancy, you can boost the odds of delivering a healthy baby. Here's how.
Many people believe that getting pregnant when they already have diabetes is not possible because of the struggles women in the past may have faced, which preceded more modern treatments, monitoring tools, and knowledge. Today, however, being diabetic does not mean that your pregnancy is destined for struggle, complications, or miscarriage. That said, you do need to be proactive in your diabetes care prior to pregnancy to optimize you and your baby's health and prevent possible complications, like birth defects. If you want to "try," it's strongly recommended that you get blood sugar levels under control three to six months before trying to conceive.
Log in Sign up. Before you begin Get ready for pregnancy Food, weight and fertility. Community groups. Home Getting pregnant Before you begin Existing health problems. Morag Martindale GP and expert in baby and women's health. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes there are steps you can take to prepare yourself for pregnancy.